d. Children and adults diagnosed with a disability
Learning disabilities are quite common among children and adults. There are two factors that contribute to successful learning:
Strong educational content
Strong cognitive skills to process that content
The brain uses a foundational set of cognitive skills to think, learn, and perform mental tasks in school, on the job, and in life. These skills include attention, memory, auditory processing, visual processing, logic and reasoning, and overall processing speed. And because all these skills work together, even one weak skill can hinder thinking, learning, and performance.
When these cognitive skills are strong, learning is fast, easy and efficient.
ii. Speech and language
Speech and language disorders include a variety of conditions that interfere with an individual’s ability to communicate and comprehend what has been communicated. In simplistic terms, it can be understood as difficulty with either or a combination of the following:
The ability to express thoughts by speaking and writing
The ability to process and perceive meaning from what has been expressed in either written or spoken form.
The ability to produce sounds using speech organs such as the lips, mouth, and vocal cords etc.
Cognitive skills such as visual processing, auditory processing, logic and reasoning, and memory underlie speech and language processes and need to work interdependently as information enters the mind and must be acted upon. Each cognitive skill thus contributes to overall functioning, and a weakness in one impacts the general effectiveness of others. Our brain training programmes, promote holistic brain function so that previously underutilized parts of the brain can be strengthened and recruited for new tasks.
Auditory processing is the cognitive skill the brain uses to hear, segment, and blend sounds—and it is foundational to successful reading. In fact, studies show that weak auditory processing skills are at the root of approximately 85% of all reading struggles. This is why interventions that use cognitive training techniques to target and strengthen auditory processing and other cognitive abilities see much improved results.